Standard poodle historic
The royal poodle is the crossing between the French Barbet spaniel and the dog Hungarian . The name poodle by deviation(cane, canichon) refers to aptitude to drive out water birds. It was used a long time for hunting in the marshes. Formerly one classified it like dog of the "retreiver" type; (rapportor). He was a long time the favorite dog of the noble ones. Its great sympathy and its intelligence which has to support its diffusion in all the social class. He became a dog for all. One can still say today, that the royal poodle remains the dog that is most popular thoughout the world.
Standard Poodles were originally water retrievers. They are still good swimmers like their ancestors, and even have webbed feet. The name poodle is closely related to the English word puddle.
Standard Poodles make excellent working dogs. As well as outstanding companions and pets, and of course water retrievers, they make superb police dogs, watch dogs, sheep dogs, guide dogs for the blind, hospital therapy dogs, truffle hounds and circus performers.
Bas-reliefs dating from the first century found along the shores of the Mediterranean portray the Poodle much as it is today.
Poodles are highly intelligent dogs, possibly the most intelligent of all canine breeds and certainly within the top three.
Poodles do not moult. For this reason do not affect many allergy sufferers as other dogs do.
The words Standard, Miniature, and Toy are used to denotes size only, not the breed. The Standard Poodle is the oldest of the three varieties, which is why it is still referred to as Standard.
History of the Standard Poodle
Poodles are native to Germany not France as often thought. They worked in the swamps as a water dogs trained to retrieve fallen birds for hunters. Otherwise the breed's origins are shrouded in mystery. Two theories have been proposed.
The first is that they were developed from rugged Asian herding dogs captured by Berbers, a North African people. They travelled from North Africa to Portugal and Spain with the Moors in the 8th Century;
The second is that they were descended from the dogs that left the Asian steppes with the Goths, a federation of German tribes, who travelled west with the Ostrogoths.
Ancient bas-reliefs found around the Mediterranean favour the African theory. It is also supported by fact that the Poodle's ancestors probably include North African Barbet, but this does not prove the theory as the barbet is known to have been introduced to Europe via the Iberian Peninsula.
In any case, the name is a corruption of the German pudeln, which means "to splash in water."
The Standard Poodle was known at least as early as the 15th Century. There are many references in art and literature. Poodles are shown in the works of German artist Albrecht Durer (16th Century). In the 18th century it was a favourite pet dog in Spain, as shown by Goya. Their intelligence and disposition led to breeding down to Miniature and Toy sizes for companion dogs for the ladies of the Royal Court of Europe.
During the 1800s poodles were used to produce the coat of the Curly-coated Retriever. They were also crossed with English pointers to produce the Pudelpointer, a happy-go-lucky, energetic, and versatile German hunting dog. They also played a part in the development of the Irish Water Spaniel. More recently they have been crossed with Labradors to produce Labradoodles, which turn out to make good Guide Dogs for the blind, and are extensively used as such in Australia.
Related breeds include the Barbet and the Portuguese Water Dog as well as the Irish Water Spaniel.